大赢家体育比分310:英語單詞

分類詞匯單詞學習背單詞法詞匯辨析詞匯搭配構詞知識綜合詞匯詞匯趣談基礎單詞

聽故事學4000英語詞匯125:一場著名的意外

zlxxm 于2019-12-27發布 l 已有人瀏覽
增大字體 減小字體
聽英語故事,學記英語單詞。4000英語實用詞匯,盡在每個故事中。
    小E英語歡迎您,請點擊播放按鈕開始播放……

体育比分预测竞猜网站 www.010514.live 4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英語核心詞匯5 保羅·納森

Unit 5 Word List

第5單元 單詞表

assess v.

評定

To assess something means to judge the structure, purpose, or quality of it.

意為判斷某事的結構、目的或質量。

→ She assessed the condition of the toy car before buying it.

她在買那輛玩具汽車之前對它的狀況進行了評估。

astonish v.

(使)驚訝

To astonish someone means to greatly surprise them.

讓某人大吃一驚。

→ The amount of people that came to her party astonished her.

來參加她聚會的人之多使她感到驚訝。

commence v.

開始

To commence something means to begin it.

至開始做某事。

→ His speech commenced with a "thank you" to all who had helped him succeed.

他的演講以對所有幫助他成功的人說“謝謝”開始。

essence n.

本質

The essence of something is its important qualities or basic characteristics.

指事物的重要性質或基本特征。

→ The essence of the argument was that both sides felt they had lost money.

爭論的實質是雙方都覺得自己虧了錢。

extract v.

提取

To extract something means to remove it.

指將某物移走。

→ The dentist extracted the woman's damaged tooth and put in a fake one.

牙醫把那名婦女損壞的牙齒拔掉,裝上一顆假牙。

fabulous adj.

難以置信的

If something is fabulous, it is extremely good.

指非常好的。

→ This strawberry is the best I've ever had. It's fabulous.

這草莓是我吃過的最好的。真是令人難以置信。

haste n.

匆忙

Haste is speed in movement or action.

指動物很快。

→ In order to get to the meeting in time, he proceeds with haste.

為了及時趕到會場,他趕忙去了。

impulse n.

沖動

An impulse is a sudden thoughtless urge to do something.

指突然而輕率地想要做某事的沖動。

→ Because of the scary noise, she had an impulse to run somewhere and hide.

那可怕的聲音讓她想找個地方躲起來。

latter adj.

后者的

Latter describes something last in a series or the second choice of two things.

一系列事物中的最后一個,或者是兩個事物中的第二個選擇。

→ In the latter minutes of the game, the visitors scored the winning goal.

在比賽的最后幾分鐘,客隊打進了制勝的一球。

molecule n.

分子

A molecule is the smallest basic unit that makes up a physical substance.

分子是構成物質的最小的基本單位。

→ A tiny drop of water is made up of thousands of molecules of water.

一滴水是由成千上萬的水分子組成的。

ongoing adj.

仍在進行的

If something is ongoing, then it is still happening or still growing.

指仍在發生或仍在增長。

→ The development of plants is ongoing because it takes time for them to mature.

植物的發展是持續的,因為它們需要時間來成熟。

pharmaceutical adj.

制藥(學)的

If something is pharmaceutical, then it is related to the development of drugs.

指與藥物的發展有關的。

→ Pharmaceutical companies discover new cures to illnesses all the time.

藥公司一直在尋找治療疾病的新方法。

precise adj.

精確的

If someone is precise, then they are exact and careful about their work.

指對待工作謹慎仔細的。

→ The builder was very precise about where he placed the nails.

建筑工釘釘子的位置非常精確。

proximity n.

接近

Proximity is closeness in time, space, or relationships.

指在時間、空間或關系上的親近。

→ All the trees in the proximity of the beach had been cut down.

海灘附近的所有樹木都被砍光了。

publicity n.

宣揚

Publicity is public attention given to someone or something by the media.

指媒體對某人或某事的公眾關注。

→ She received a lot of publicity after her performance in the film.

她因電影中的表演獲得了大量關注。

remedy n.

補救

A remedy is a cure for a disease, argument, or problem.

對疾病、爭論或問題的治療。

→ A good remedy for a headache is an aspirin and a glass of water.

治療頭痛的好辦法是吃一片阿司匹林并喝一杯水。

significance n.

意義

The significance of something is the quality that makes it important.

指使某物變得重要的品質。

→ The significance of the snowy weather was that we didn't have to go to school.

下雪天氣的意義在于我們不必上學。

subsequent adj.

隨后的

If something is subsequent, then it comes after something else in time.

指及時發生在某事之后的。

→ The flood and the subsequent rescue of those caught in the flood were on TV.

電視上播放了洪水和隨后對被洪水圍困者的營救。

synthetic adj.

綜合的

If something is synthetic, then it is made to be like something natural.

指和物品原樣很像的。

→ Clothing made out of synthetic fabrics is very effective at keeping people warm.

由合成纖維制成的衣服在保暖方面非常有效。

terminal adj.

晚期的

If something is terminal, then it causes or results in death.

指會導致死亡的。

→ Since his condition was not terminal, he felt a great sense of relief.

由于他的病情不屬于晚期,他感到極大的寬慰。

A Famous Accident

一場著名的意外

One of the greatest pharmaceutical discoveries happened by accident. In his haste to go on vacation, Alexander Fleming had left his laboratory in a mess. The essence of his ongoing work involved a type of bacteria. An infection caused by the bacteria was often terminal, and he was looking for a remedy. He had left the bacteria out while he was away.

最偉大的醫藥發現之一是來自偶然。亞歷山大·弗萊明因為忙著去度假,把實驗室弄得一團糟。他正在進行的工作的本質涉及一種細菌。這種細菌引起的感染通常是致命的,他正在尋找治療方法。他不在時把細菌留在外面了。

When he returned from vacation, he found that his lab was covered in fungus. He started cleaning up the mess. While he was cleaning, he had an impulse to examine the fungus. He saw that whenever the fungus was in close proximity to the bacteria, the bacteria died.

當他度假回來時,他發現他的實驗室布滿了真菌。他開始收拾殘局。當他在打掃的時候,他有一種檢查真菌的沖動。他發現每當真菌接近細菌時,細菌就會死亡。

Though he was a messy scientist, his experiments were precise. He thought that there might be some significance to the fungus. He immediately commenced an experiment to assess what had happened to the bacteria. It had either died by accident or the fungus had killed it. The subsequent tests proved it was the latter reason.

雖然他是個邋遢的科學家,但他的實驗很精確。他認為真菌可能有一定的意義。他立即開始了一項實驗,以評估細菌發生的變化。要么死于意外,要么是真菌殺死了它。后來的試驗證明,是后者。

What he found astonished him. The fungus actually killed the bad bacteria. All this time, he had been looking for a synthetic material to kill the bacteria. Instead, a common fungus did the job.

他的發現使他大吃一驚。真菌實際上殺死了有害細菌。一直以來,他都在尋找一種能殺死細菌的合成材料。而一種普通的真菌就能做到。

He knew that something in the fungus had killed the bacteria. His next step was to find those molecules that had done it. When he found them, he extracted them and put them into a pill. The drug proved to be very effective. It also worked against other types of harmful bacteria.

他知道是真菌里的某種東西殺死了細菌。他的下一步是找到那些起作用的分子。當他發現它們的時候,他將其取出,放進藥丸里。這種藥被證明很有效,還能對抗其他類型的有害細菌。

The discovery received a lot of publicity. Soon after, the new drug was being used all over the world. Because of the success, the scientist was able to develop even more fabulous drugs to help people. His accidental discovery changed the world and helped save many people's lives.

這一發現得到了廣泛的關注。不久,這種新藥就在世界各地被使用。由于這次成功,這位科學家能夠開發出更多神奇的藥物來幫助人們。他的意外發現改變了世界,挽救了許多人的生命。

 1 2 下一頁

基礎單詞排行

{ganrao}