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n. active opposition 敵對
All of the factory workers felt deep antagonism towards the foreman.
adj. ancient 洪水時代以前的；原始的
It seemed progress would never reach the little town by politicians with antediluvian ideas of freedom.
同義詞：prehistoric; primeval; primordial
adj. before the wedding 婚前的
An antenuptial dinner was held to introduce the two families formally to one another.
adj. preventing the growth of germs or destroying germs 防腐的；殺菌的
Alcohol has antiseptic qualities and is therefore used to sterilize an injection site.
n. opposite; contrast 相反；對照
Seth's conservative views on social spending are the antithesis of his liberal parents9 views.
n. chief bishop 大主教
The Archbishop of Canterbury visited several isolated churches in the countryside to talk with the parishioners.
n. original model 原型
The Code of Hammurabi is considered the earliest archetype of modem law.
n. rule by one person 專制政治；獨裁政治
Nazi Germany was an autocracy where absolute powerlias vested in one person, Adolf Hitler.
同義詞：tyranny; dictatorship; despotism
adj. self-governing 自治的
The former Soviet Union has broken up into several autonomous republics.
n. speaking of good wishes 祝福
The priest began the meeting to plan the building of the new church with a benediction.
n. one who does good 行善者；捐助人
Through the generosity of his benefactor, Victor was able to attend college.
n. charity 仁慈；慈善
The mayor's benevolence gained the respect and trust of all the townspeople.
adj. legislature consisting of two houses 兩院制的
The United States bicameral legislature consists of the upper Senate and the lower House of Representatives.
* the House of Representatives
adj. forked; dividing into two branches 分叉的
This road is bifurcated ahead, so you will have to follow me very closely so you do not take the wrong road.
adj. of the use of both eyes 雙眼并用的
This machine checks your vision in each eye individually, and then does a check of your binocular vision.
n. person or thing that helps speed up or cause a change 催化劑
Looking back, we can see that sending troops to monitor the border was a catalyst to the war that finally broke out.
v. to hurl 投擲；彈射
The force of the plane's impact catapulted passengers from their seats and caused great injury.
n. disaster 大災禍
The world had seldom seen a catastrophe on the scale of this flood before.
同義詞：calamity; adversity; misadventure
adj. parallel; connected 并行的；連結的
Collateral businesses in the area have created an organization to promote themselves jointly.
v. to feel pity for 同情；安慰
Martha's friends all came over to her house to commiserate over being laid off at the company.
* lay off
adj. existing from or before birth 天生的
Alice's son was born with a serious congenital heart defect and will have to undergo surgery.
同義詞：inborn; inherent; innate; inbred
v. to disagree 1. 反駁 2. 抵觸
Our study contradicts the findings of the tobacco company's research that smoking only has minimal risks.
同義詞：1. dispute; refute 2. contravene
反義詞：1. agree; corroborate; confirm
v. 1. to act in opposition to 違反 2. to conflict with 抵觸
As an act of defiance, the protestants contravened laws they felt were unjust or improper.
同義詞：1. violate; defy 2. contradict
v. 1. to dispute about 爭論 2. to deny 否定
Several biologists controverted the accuracy of the results of Dr. Wang's experiments.
同義詞：1. argue; debate 2. negate
adj. wearing away; destroying slowly by chemical action 腐蝕（性）的
The salt mist in the air has an extremely corrosive effect on anything metal along the beach.